Information Technology

12/10/2014 Career

Introduction




The World has entered the new
millennium, which is going to be an
Information Technology Age. Today
Computers have not only assumed
strategic importance in the corporate
world, they are being effectively used
in other fields ranging from space
exploration to food processing and
banking to communication etc. In this
era of Information Technology, which
has revolutionised the whole world,
INDIA has stood to the world standards
and is being regarded the World over
for it's skilled IT Professionals.
Even the government has recognised the
promising future of this industry and
has formed a new IT Ministry which
will give a boost to this industry.




Presence of Multinationals like IBM,
HP has made possible transfer of
hardware technology into the country,
Internet has further bridged the time
gap ensuring arrival of the latest
technology simultaneously in INDIA and
the West without delay. The domestic
hardware industry has witnessed
quantum growth in the turnover and
profits, which is largely attributable
to our liberalized economy. On the
software front various software giants
like IBM, Motorola, Oracle, Samsung,
HP, Digital, Unisys, AT&T, ICL,
Fugitsu etc. have opened software
development centres in the country.
The number of professionals in this
industry is believed to have crossed
the 2 lakh mark and still there is a
huge gap between the demand and supply
of professionals which is an
encouraging sign. The US alone
requires around 3 lakh professionals,
leave aside other countries. It is
believed around 65% of the world's
software is produced in INDIA. INDIA
is also exporting software to around
100 countries including many countries
which are exclusive buyers from INDIA.
Many Indian IT companies like Infosys,
Wipro, NIIT, Zenith computers, Satyam
Computers, STG, Pentafore Software,
Mastek etc. are expanding themselves
in a big way making their presence
felt globally.



The phenomenal growth which this
industry is witnessing has lead to it
being recognised as one of the highly
paid industry. As this industry is
young, the average age of
professionals is lower than any other
industry. The availability of skilled,
qualified professionals is hardly able
to meet the requirement, leaving a
large gap to be filled by those with
ambition, aptitude and willingness to
work hard.



Nature of Work



Following are the career areas in this
industry.



SOFTWARE: Software is a set of
programmed instructions that enable
the computer to perform specified
functions. This industry offers vast
range of employment opportunities in
fields starting from data entry,
computer operations, programming,
system analysis to system designing,
system engineering and operation
management. Today, this industry is
one of the most sought after industry
as far as returns are concerned.



HARDWARE: Hardware denotes the
physical components of a computer. The
key areas which can be taken up as
career includes hardware designing,
research and development, assembling,
manufacturing and maintenance of
computer components.



TELECOM: Telecommunications is a
growing industry and has created ample
of scope for people joining
telecommunication engineering. The
various fields which can be pursued as
career in this industry include voice
processing units, telephone
technology, wireless technology,
cellular technology, touchtone
telephones, microwave and satellite
communication systems.



SALES & MARKETING: Sales and marketing
in IT industry is a specialist task
and requires a thorough study of
products and their competition.
Marketing covers selling of both
hardware and software products. This
job is both competetive and
challenging but not difficult as the
demand for hardware and software is
quite high and does not require much
effort in fixing a deal.



E-COMMERCE AND WEB DEVELOPMENT: The
coming together of computers and
telecommunication technologies has led
to the emergence of electronic
commerce. Marketing and banking
activities have already started taking
place worldwide through Internet
generating an Internet economy. Most
of the future jobs anticipated in IT
industry will be Internet related.
These will include consumer/buyer
information and services, developing
and managing Web-portals, creation of
Internet market, customer management,
consulting etc.



ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING: ERP is
planning the resources of entire
network of an enterprise. Various
fields like purchase, production,
marketing, distribution, sales,
service, inventory, finance, accounts,
human resource are integrated on a
single software through ERP, to
facilitate better coordination.
Professionals with engineering
background in mechinical, civil,
manufacturing, textile as well as
MBAs, chartered accountants, cost
accountants can join technical ERP.



COMPUTER OPERATOR: A computer
opereator's job is to run both the
computer and its peripheral equipment.
The job may vary depending upon size
of the organisation and its exposure
to computers. An operator usually
works on instructions issued by
programmers or operation managers.
Upon acquiring programming trainning,
he can even end up being a full time
efficent application programmer.



DATA ENTRY: Data entry is transfering
information into the computer and is
the most basic purpose for which
computers are used. Data entry
operators are needed in almost every
organisation using computers. People
with good typing skills are best
suited for these jobs.

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