Chemical engineering comprises the design and maintenance of
chemical plants and the development of chemical processes
for converting raw materials or chemicals into valuable
forms including those to remove chemicals from waste
materials, to enable large-scale manufacture. It covers
various fields of chemical technology in mineral based
industries, petrochemical plants, pharmaceuticals, synthetic
fibers, petroleum refining plants etc. Chemical engineers
design and operate chemical plants and improve methods of
production of large manufacturing units. They are required
as they work to create synthetic replacements for those
natural materials and scarce resources.
The basic eligibility criteria to get admitted into BE/B.Tech
in Chemical Engineering is 10+2 or equivalent examination,
with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. BE / B.Tech in
Chemical Engineering courses are of 4 years' duration.
Selection into this course is made on the basis of marks
secured in 10+2 exam and marks secured in Joint Entrance
Exam (JEE) conducted by IITs or All India Engineering
Entrance Exam (AIEEE) or other state and national level
exams. There are both degree as well as diploma courses. One
can go for the 3 year diploma course after the 10th standard
(SSC). For M.E or M.Tech in Chemical Engineering one must
complete the BE / B.Tech program successfully. Further
studies up to Ph.D. level are also an option for anyone
interested in Research or Academics.
Wide employment opportunities await chemical engineers both
in the public sector as well as the private sector. They can
seek jobs in areas such as manufacturing industries, food
processing industries, chemical process industries such as
fertilizer, pesticides, specialty chemicals, dyes, dyestuff,
paint and lubricants. Candidates with an additional
management degree are sought by private industries. In the
government sector, chemical engineers are employed to solve
environmental problems such as waste and water treatment, on
energy sector such as energy conservation and research on
alternate energy sources and health-related research
projects, defense establishments and atomic power plants.
They are also employed in service industries such as
scientific research and development services, particularly
in energy and the developing fields of biotechnology and
nanotechnology. They are also employed in a variety of
manufacturing industries other than chemical manufacturing,
such as those producing electronics, photographic equipment,
clothing, pulp and paper and even in the development of
aircrafts. Besides these Chemical Engineers can opt for
teaching as a remunerative option.
Several institutes in India offer Chemical Engineering as a
subject. Prominent among them are seven
at Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai,
Bangalore and Roorkee.
National Institutes of Technology
located all over the country also provide this course.
Indian Institute of Information
Indian Institute of Information
Technology & Management, Gwalior;
Indian Institute of Science,
Delhi College of Engineering,
Anna University, Chennai;
Birla Institute of Technology,
Haldia Institute of Technology
Lingaya's Institute of Management &
IEC College of Engg and Technology,
Fresher's can get a starting salary of Rs. 10000 to Rs.
12000 per month. In the government sector, the salary range
of diploma holders is Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 9,000 per month.
Lecturers in colleges get a starting salary of Rs 12,000-Rs
13,000 a month. With more experience or as an established
independent consultant one could earn more. Senior engineers
can earn anywhere in between Rs 30,000 and Rs 50,000 a
month. Those at management levels can earn up to Rs 60,000
or even more.