Biotechnology is a recent development in the field of
science and technology. Biotechnology as the name suggests
is the combination of Biology and Technology and is an
applied science. It is concerned with variety of subjects
including Biochemistry, Genetics, Microbiology, Chemistry
and Engineering. Biotechnology has wide areas of application
in Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, development of Medicines
and Vaccine, treatment of prolonged disease, pollution
control and waste management and ecological conservation,
energy production and conservation and many more. Because of
such utilities Bio-Tech is a preferred career option among
There are several under-graduates courses like B.Sc., B.E.
and B. Tech. and post-graduate courses like M.Sc, M. Tech in
biotechnology available in India. For B.Sc., B.E. and B.
Tech. courses minimum qualification is 10+2 with science.
Selection into these courses is made through entrance exam
conducted by the concerned universities. JEE is conducted by
IITs for admission into B.E. and B.Tech. courses. There are
separate entrance exams in national and state level. For
Post-Graduates courses all sciences, engineering, technology
and medicine graduates are eligible. The selection to these
courses is also done through entrance exam conducted by the
concerned institutions. At Post graduate level there are
specialization in the field of Agriculture, Animal
Husbandry, Veterinary, Marine and Bio- Medicine. There are
also advanced courses such PhD. and Post-Doctoral Research
Multiple career options are waiting for biotechnology
professionals. They can be employed in pharmaceutical
companies, chemical, agriculture and allied industries.
Research laboratories whether run by government or corporate
sector are the preferred place for many bio-technologists.
There they work as research scientists or assistants. There
are also many employment opportunities for bio-technologists
in government and private sector collages and universities.
In private sector they many find employment in company such
as pharmaceutical farms, food processing industries,
aquaculture and agro based industries. They can also be
hired as environmental specialist by various government
agencies and private institutions. Biotechnologists also
have the option to join media houses as Science writer.
Several technical institutes and universities offer B.Sc/M.Sc/B.E/B.Tech/M.Tech
courses in India. Some important among them are given below.
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee and Mumbai;
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi;
All India Institutes of Medical
Science, New Delhi;
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi;
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh;
Birla Institute Of Technology &
Science, Pilani, (Rajasthan);
Anna University, Chennai;
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological
University Of Calcutta, Kolkata;
University of Lucknow, Lucknow;
Andhra University, Visakhapatnam;
Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar;
University of Madras, Chennai;
Rai University, Raipur;
Jadavpur University, Kolkata and
Patna University, Patna.
Biotechnology is a highly remunerative career option.
Biotechnologists employed in public sector industries and
research institutes have pay packages according to the norms
fixed by government. Those working in private sector
corporate houses and industries have much lucrative
remuneration. Fresh IITians may get Rs. 15,000 to Rs 20,000
per month. Bio tech degree holder of other institutions may
get Rs. 10,000 to Rs 12,000 per month. Those employed in
teaching have better pay packages which are even very
lucrative in private collages and institutions.