Biomedical Engineering

12/10/2014 Career




Engineering with its various branches like
mechanical, electrical, civil electronics, etc., has been
popular among students for quite a long time. However in the
resent times Biomedical Engineering combines the through
knowledge of the principles Of both medicine and engineering.
The biomedical engineers apply the concepts of biology,
physics as well as chemistry to develop products and devices
for diagnosis and treatment. The branch integrates Physical,
Chemical, mathematical and computational sciences and
engineering principles to study biology, medicine behaviour
and health. So the biomedical engineers have to work closely
in association with healthcare professionals like doctors,
nurses, therapists and technicians.


If you want
to become a biomedical engineer, you have to do your Bachelor
of Engineering (BE) in Biomedical Engineering offered at
select institutes. Otherwise, you can do your BE in any of the
branches like electrical Engineering offered at select
institutes. Otherwise, you can do your BE in any of the
branches like Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering,
Computer Engineering, Electronics Engineering or Chemical
Engineering and a postgraduate course in Biomedical
Engineering. Alternately, you can do your BE in any of the
Engineering branches and go for a postgraduate course in
Medical Technology, which is considered equivalent to a
postgraduate course in Biomedical Engineering. You can also
complete an MBBS degree and then opt for a postgraduate degree
in Biomedical Engineering/ Medical Engineering/ Medical
Technology.


Biomedical
engineers develop innovative biologics, processes, materials,
devices and informatics to prevent, diagnose and treat
diseases for patient's rehabilitation. Many of the biomedical
engineers do research work along with professionals from life
sciences, chemists, and medical scientists. The devices like
artificial organs, prostheses (artificial devices to replace
missing body parts), medical information systems,
instrumentation, health management and care delivery systems,
etc., are the contributions of the biomedical engineers. Thus,
the engineers in this specialized field need to have a sound
grounding in a basic engineering field like mechanical or
electronics together with biomedical field. Here, the
specialists are also concerned with developing imaging systems
such as magnetic resonance, ultrasound and x- ray machines,
and techniques and devices to automate insulin injections or
control body functions.


Biomedical
engineers find employment with companies that manufacture
equipment used in hospitals and diagnostic centers or centers
for research and development, manufacturing, quality control
and testing as also installation, maintenance or sales and
marketing departments. They can also get jobs with large
hospitals for selecting, handling and maintaining
sophisticated equipments in addition to building customized
devices for special needs or work in institutions involved in
research. There are a few government agencies where you can
get recruited for product testing, safety and establishment
safety standards for devices.


Employment
opportunities for biomedical engineers are immense biomedical
engineers are immense considering the fact that the aging of
the population and focus on health issues will increase the
demand for better medical devices and equipment designed by
biomedical engineers. Other developments, like computer-
assisted surgery and heavy research in molecular, cellular and
tissue engineering will also increase the demand for
biomedical engineers. Further, the rehabilitation and
orthopedic engineering fields are growing at a very fast pace,
which also require the services of biomedical engineers.


uneration for
biomedical engineering professionals is quite decent. In
medical equipment manufacturing companies, you can get
anything between Rs.20,000 and Rs. 30,000 per month. In
research and teaching institutions salaries vary between
Rs.18,000-25,000 per month. Private hospitals and clinics pay
between Rs.15,000 and Rs.25,000 per month. In case of
government agencies, the remuneration per month is in the
range of Rs.16,000 to Rs.22,000 per month.


se days,
Biomedical Engineering along with Biotechnology and
Bioinformatics has emerged as one of the hottest careers. In
addition, the opening of the insurance sector has made
high-quality medical care possible for millions in the country
now. Healthcare is also witnessing a lot of technological
growth. Taking these developments into account, one can very
safely say that in near future, the biomedical engineers will
be among the most sought-after professionals in public sector
enterprises as well as corporate establishments. If you really
enjoy research work and are deeply interested in developing
cutting edge technologies, then you should pursue a
postgraduate course abroad.



Speciality Areas:


There are many areas of specialization in the emerging field
of Biomedical Engineering. Some of them are given below:




  • Bioinstrumentation- This area specialization application of
    electronics and measurements techniques to develop devices
    for diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Specialists in this
    branch make newer and better instruments for X-rays and MRI,
    etc, as also cameras and other devices to help medical
    practitioners get a better look at the body.




  • materials-
    It relates to producing materials from both living tissues
    and artificial materials to replace diseased organs. The
    engineers make devices that are functionally true copies of
    the organs which are to be replaced. They are capable of
    growing organs from tissues and cells in the laboratory.




  • Tissue
    Engineering- Nowadays, tissue substitutes are being
    developed to restore or improve the functions of diseases or
    damaged human tissues. To give one example, cells from an
    individual's healthy kidney are used and put in the diseased
    kidney to grow healthy tissue.





  • Biomechanics- This involves application of mechanics to
    biological or medical problems and study the flow of bodily
    fluids in order to decide the specifications for the various
    devices such as artificial joint replacements, pacemakers,
    etc.




  • Clinical
    Engineering- Biomedical engineers also develop and maintain
    computer database of medical instruments and equipment
    records in hospitals.


  • Orthopedic
    Bioengineering- Here, engineering is used to understand the
    function of bones, joints and muscles and for the design of
    artificial joint replacements. They analyse the friction,
    lubrication, and wear and tear of naturaljoints to develop
    artificial limbs. Further, they also research new
    technologies and materials that make up bones, joints and
    tooth implants which are almost as good as nature's version.
    One of their latest responsibilities include developing and
    looking after fully programmed robots for use in operating
    rooms for reaching vital organs that may get damaged
    permanently, due to human error.




  • Navigation
    Systems- In this specialized branch, biomedical engineers
    use software tools and specialized imaging equipment to
    create a digital picture of the insides of a human patient's
    body. This helps the surgeons in determining the best
    possible way to go about an operation. They help in
    developing new laser technologies for applications in
    routine and specialized operations, dental surgery and
    slim-related disorders. The biomedical engineers also help
    in enhancing the capabilities and improvement in the quality
    of life for individuals with physical impairments. They are
    involved in development of homes and workplaces in such a
    way so as to make such people's lives easier.


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