Architecture

12/10/2014 Career





Introduction



Growth and prosperity of an economy,
to an extent is reflected in its
physical appearance. The industry
responsible for this is the
construction industry, which for quite
sometime is experiencing boom. Times
have changed and so has our focus.
From, the basic necessity of housing
and shelter of yesteryears, emphasis
is now given on comfort, luxury and
style. All this has importantly led to
creation of avenues for those
interested in making a career in this
sector. In the last few decades our
economy has witnessed hectic and
massive construction activities, new
structures have been raised, townships
have evolved, evident of growth in the
sector.



The construction task involves both
the designer and constructors. Any
built structure is an outcome of close
coordination and participation of a
number of people, technical and
non-technical, including architects,
contractors, surveyors, engineers,
designers alongwith bricklayers,
masons, carpenters, electricians,
plumbers etc. Everyone is specialised
in his own area hence beyond
comparison.



Nature of Work



Architecture, in particular is the
study which deals with planning and
designing of building and structures.
The subject, not new at all, has been
practiced since ages in different
parts of the world. Everybody has
heard about Roman, Victorian, Moslem
and Indian architecture, examples of
which even stand today. Architects
blend their vision and dreams with
materials to erect milestones which
leave a powerful imprint on human
mankind. Today, architecture has taken
a totally different shape. The rapidly
changing demands and requirements asks
for professionally trained architects
who can not only cope with changing
times but also design and deliver
quality, environment friendly
constructions.



Designing any structure not only moves
around giving physical facelift to it
but involves other important factors
which are equally important like its
functional utility, safety and
economy. Arhitects engage themselves
in designing of a variety of
structures including houses,
apartments and colonies, offices and
industrial complexes, hospitals,
hotels, airport terminals, stadia,
shopping and commercial complexes,
schools etc. They provide professional
services to individuals and
organisations not only regarding new
constructions but also in alterations
and renovations.



Clients approach architects with some
idea of what they want, but with
little awareness regarding its
feasibility. A good architect is the
one who strikes a right balance
between aesthetics and practicality.
The work starts on the basis of ideas
and requirements of the client like
its appearance, financial budget and
time frame. The arhitect then begins
his job with sketching and making
plans with details of sizes,
specification and estimates of the
cost of the structure. Sometimes
models and graghic are also used for
presentations. Once the plans are
finalised and accepted by the client,
the architect has to obtain the
approval and permission of the local
authority for construction.
Subsequently, the architect negotiates
contracts with building contractors,
engineers and surveyors after which
the construction starts. The architect
is the overall incharge of the
contract, his responsibility begins
right form designing and planning the
structure until the very same is
erected. Architects can work alone as
well as in a team. They also work with
firms and organisations, some of which
specialize in a particular type of
construction. Architects even indulge
in interior designing; an upcomimg
field which involves scientific and
artistic skills. Demand for interior
designers continue to be high with
these no longer limiting to corporate
offices and hotels alone. One can see
it coming into houses in a big way.
Interior designers require abstract
reasoning and three dimensional space
perception to translate ideas into
realities. Understanding client's need
is at the very core of the profession.




Personality



Students having academically good
background in physics and mathematics
are better suited for the study of
architecture. An aspirant for the
field of architecture should be a
creative artist with an interest and
bent towards designing. Ability to
sketch, free hand plan though not
utmost important but is beneficial
while explaining to the clients the
very intricate details of the
structure. He needs to have an
imaginative and perspective outlook.
Awareness of social and environmental
factors, observant attitude adds to
the advantage while designing
structures. Apart from being
technically sound, good mathematical
ability is important as the work
involves complex designing problems,
building economies and cost
estimations. Often architects deal
with legal procedures and documents
making it necessary for them to
understand legal language related to
the profession.



Good communication skills, hardwork,
physical stamina to work on the desk
as well on the site, a high degree of
concentration level, flexibility,
patience, team spirit, responsibility
and accountability are some other
important traits of the profession.




Professional Courses



Anybody who has studied Physics,
Mathematics and Chemistry at the 10+2
level can apply for admission to study
architecture at the graduate level in
colleges offering the course. B.Arch
is a 5 year course and most schools
and colleges select students through a
written test. Further on completion of
the graduate course, if interested,
one can study architecture at the post
graduate course which varies from 18
months to 2 years.



Entrance test for B.Arch Courses- The
Council of Architecture conducts an
aptitude test on an All India basis
for admission to colleges of
Architecture. Engineering colleges
select students on the basis of the
result to the appropriate engineering
courses. Some other renowned
institutes carry their own selection
tests to identify suitable candidates
while some give weightage to class 12
marks and entrance examinations to
select students.



Colleges, Institutions and
Universities



Some of the
Colleges/Institutions/Universities
offering Graduate/Post-Graduate
courses in Architecture are mentioned
below.

School of Planning & Architecture, 4,
Block-B, IP Estate, New Delhi 110002.


Punjab University, Chandigarh College
of Architecture, Chandigarh 160012.


School of Architecture CEPT,
Navrangpura, Ahmedabad 380009.

Lucknow University, Govt. College of
Architecture, Tagore Road, Lucknow
226002.

Goa University, College of
Architecture, Campal Panaji, Goa - 1.


University of Mumbai, Sir J J College
of Architecture, 78/3, Dr. D.N. Road,
Mumbai 400001.

Indian Education Society's College of
Architecture, 791, Bandra Reclamation,
Bandra (W), Mumbai 400050.

Pune University, Marathwada Mitra
Mandal College of Architecture, 302,
A, Deccan Gymkhana, Pune 411004.

Jawaharlal Nehru Technological
University, School of Planning &
Architecture, Mahavir Marg, Hyderabad
500028.

Kerala University, College of
Engineering, Thiruvananthpuram 695016.


Anna University, School of
Architecture & Planning, Sardar Patel
Rd., Chennai 600025.

IPS Academy, School of Architecture,
Rajendra Nagar, Indore 452012.

Bengal Engineering College, PO Botanic
Garden, Howrah, West Bengal.

Sushant School of Art and
Architecture, Sushant lok, District
Gurgaon, Haryana.

Vastu Kala Academy, School of
Architecture & Interior Designing,
9/1, Institutional Area, Aruna Asaf
Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067.
  



Specialization



Though few in number, some architects
prefer to go in for specialization at
the post graduate level. They may
choose to specialize in India or
Abroad. The subjects of specialization
may include urban designing, regional
planning, building engineering and
management, architectural
conservation, industrial design,
landscape arhitecture, naval
architecture, architecture concerning
traffic and transport planning etc.
Sometimes even without pursuing
specialization courses in any
particular field, architects on
gaining experience engage themselves
in a particular type of work for eg:-
in construction of housing societies
and apartments, schools, hospitals,
commercial complexes etc.



Career Prospects



Substantial increase in investments in
the construction sector has been
recorded year after year. As far as
architects are concerned, there is a
huge gap in the demand and supply.
Annual requirement projections of
architects stands over 10,000 which is
expected to rise further and the
training facilities available are
still short. All these factors
contribute in making this field a very
competetive one with healthy career
prospects.



Employment opportunities for
architects are available in government
as well as private sectors. Some of
the government organisations include
Public Works Department, the
Archaeological Department, Ministry of
Defence, Departments of Railways, Post
and Telegraphs, Public Sector
Undertakings, National Building
Organisation, Town and Country
Planning Organisation, National
Institute of Urban Affairs, Housing
and Urban Development Corporation,
National Building Construction
Corporation Ltd., City Development
Authorities etc. Besides these
organisations, various other
institutes and agencies like State
Departments, Housing Boards, Local
Bodies responsible for construction
works also recruit architects.



Openings in the private sector exist
with the Builders, Architecture Firms,
Consultants etc. Architects with some
experience can even set up their own
business as Consultants and
Contractors.



Remunerations



A well qualified architect can start
up with a salary of around Rs. 7,000
p.m. in the government organisations.
It continues to rise with time and
experience. In the private sector, the
scale is not fixed but surely one can
expect to earn a good amount of money
through this profession. Freshers can
get a salary ranging anywhere from Rs.
3,000 p.m. to Rs. 10,000 p.m. Such
variations in salaries are influenced
by many factors like the type of the
organisation, its size, qualification
and experience of the candidate etc.


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